A burning sensation in the mouth is a common feeling that can happen due to a number of disorders. When this burning sensation happens along with other symptoms, this can be indicative of several health conditions. However, up to 15% of older patients may experience a burning sensation in the mouth despite the absence of other visible symptoms, which then is diagnosed as Burning Mouth Syndrome.
Despite there being no visible evidence of the condition, psychological problems such as emotional stress, anxiety, depression, hormonal deficiencies in post-menopausal women, and neurological abnormalities have all been identified as possible contributors to burning mouth syndrome.
Some of the signs of burning mouth syndrome are chronic burning sensation on tongue, hard palate, lips, or surface of the mouth between the gums and lips. The mouth can feel dry on occasions, you might get a tingling sensation causing discomfort or altered taste and/or smell.
Burning mouth syndrome is diagnosed by exclusion of other factors that may cause oral burning. Factors may include medications, Type 2 Diabetes, allergies, and vitamin deficiencies amongst others.
The first step in burning mouth syndrome treatment is to remove any local contributing factors such as infections, oral products, and spicy foods. Alcohol-free dental products with low additives and minimal flavoring are recommended, as are sugar-free candies and gum, along with non-caffeinated beverages. Therapies including stress management, yoga, psychotherapy and moderate exercise have also been found to help decrease pain intensity.
Despite being benign, burning mouth syndrome can be debilitating, and so it is recommended that you visit your dentist if you are suffering from any form of oral burning.